Michael Shepherd

Suppose the future fails

30 November - 22 December 2018

 

Michael Shepherd

Suppose the future fails

 

Suppose, instead of failing, it never comes,

This future, although the elephants pass and the blare,

Prolonged, repeated and once more prolonged,

Goes off a little on the side and stops.

Yet to think of the future is a genius,

To think of the future is a thing and he

That thinks of it is inscribed on walls and stands

Complete in bronze on enormous pedestals.

 

– Wallace Stevens, excerpt from Stanza IV, Owl’s Clover, 1937[1]

 

Michael Shepherd investigates what academic Camille Paglia terms “the claytonic” – the earth beneath one’s feet. Fittingly, his new paintings feature ironsand, native and introduced grass seed, granulated carbon, blessed thistle tea, muesli, dried alphabet soup and even dead bees embedded in their acrylic and polymer surfaces.[2]Shepherd is also an enthusiastic amateur botanist and spatial historian, informing his selection of these subjects and materials, and foregrounding the finer details of our native ecologies.[3]

This exhibition traverses the terrain of New Zealand history, masculinity andecological imperialism.[4]Shepherd’sinterest in vital yet often overlooked ecologies manifests, for example, in his painted representations of threatened insect and plant species, depicted larger than life. These include an oversized grasshopper (invented by the artist from a combination of three different species) in Maybe the future needs an orator, and enlarged specimens of the endangered plant Myosotis Colensoi(named after the colonial botanist William Colenso) in Suppose the future fails, complete with Department of Conservation identification tags.

Some of the paintings also feature standing engines, machines which took on imaginary, anthropomorphised roles in Shepherd’s childhood. Here they are placed back in the environments in which he first encountered them –excavated from a paddock, found under a lean-to, or under cloth inside a garage. As a child, Shepherd describes, “hallucinating” at the sight and sound of these engines.[5]The artist was entranced by the way the carburettor sucks in air and ‘spirit’ (a former term for petroleum) and combines them to create energy, perceiving this as a kind of magic. Deeply fascinated by the machines’ cavities –their entrances and exits –he peered inside while his fingers traced their alien forms, a source of joy and terror. He read these cavities as portals to other worlds, theirclicking and whirring, hiss and rumble, cementing his youthful, mythic interpretation of the engine as a “spirit repository.”[6]

Shepherd’s childhood vision of engines possessed by animating spirits found affinities with works from art history he later encountered. These include Francis Picabia’s L’enfant Carbureteur(1919), and Marcel Duchamp’s The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass)(1915-23),where machines are metaphorically represented as human bodies.[7]

Shepherd’s paintings reflect on generations of men who coveted these engines and whose identities were indelibly linked to them. Growing up in the 1950’s, the artist’s father, a returned service WWII veteran, taught him how to run and repair engines. Fine tuning these machines was a ritualistic expression of masculinity, a kind of secret brotherhood. The workshop was a personal sanctum in which creativity could flow when freed from the demands of work and family life – much like an artist’s studio. Whether four or six cylinder, two stroke or four, at the time they were an icon of manhood –a national fever. Understanding and operating these engines was also key to male indoctrination: induction, compression, ignition, exhaust.

The artist sees these engines as a kind memento mori–telling reminders of our own mortality. Indeed, in his experience, they were often kept running to keep the memories of their former owners alive. Generations of men would tinker tirelessly so they could continue listening to the sounds their grandparents once heard. Within a contemporary framework, these archaic, defunct engines also speak to the decline of the oil economy. They are persistent remnants of historic environmental degradation, yet whose ongoing impacts continue to compound and are reaching a critical turning point when manifested in climate change. Hence, while once inspiring awe and the utopian promises of machine-assisted futures brought about by technological progress, they now also embody tragedy and death.

Linked to these ambivalences, the exhibition title Suppose the future failsis a line borrowed from Owl’s Clover, a Wallace Stevens poem which offers acritique of modernism and human hubris. For the artist, Stevens’ poem speaks to the absurdity of championing spectacle over content, and sensation over perception; to the propensity for humankind to overreach, their endeavours pushing natural limits to the point of crisis and deflation.[8]Though Stevens wrote Owl’s Clover in the lead up to WWII, the poem alsorings true with our contemporary environmental, economic and political situations, a dull echo of those dark times.

And yet in spite of these pressing reminders of our mortality and the threatened ecosystems upon which we are precariously poised, the paintings remain forward looking and optimistic. For Shepherd, the past and future are strange constructs, while the passage of evolution never ceases.[9]Always ‘down to earth’, he notes that the future –and indeed the meaning of his work – “is always in the act of becoming.”[10]

[1]Wallace Stevens, “Owl’s Clover,” 1937, excerpt from Stanza IV, in Stevens’ Collected Poetry and Prose, Frank Kermode and Joan Richardson eds. (New York: Literacy Classics of the United States Inc., 1997).

[2]The bees used in the painting died of the diseases Varroa and Foulbrood, which the artist links to their fragile ecological situation.

[3]This consideration even extends to the picture frames, designed by the artist and constructed in American oak by master craftsman Theo Findlayson.

[4]The term ‘ecological imperialism’ was first coined by Alfred Crosby. His theory was that European settlers were successful in colonisation because of their introduction of animals, plants and diseases –accidentally or deliberately –which lead to major shifts in the ecology of colonised areas. This also contributed to population collapse in endemic peoples.

[5]Michael Shepherd, interview by Emil McAvoy, November 5, 2018.

[6]Ibid.

[7]Shepherd has also studied the Italian Futurists’ depictions of the automobile.

[8]Shepherd, interview.

[9]Ibid.

[10]Ibid. Here the artist also reflects on and repurposes the philosophical thought of Gilles Deleuze.